Anyone who has experienced a migraine attack at least once knows that this pain is quite difficult to endure. But what is a migraine? By what symptoms can it be recognized and how to get rid of it?
Unlike other types of headaches, migraine occurs with seizures. Typicalsymptoms are:
- Throbbing, cutting or pulling pain;
- Pain in only one part of the head;
- Intense pain, which is difficult to do everyday things;
- Pain lasts for several hours and even days;
- Nausea, vomiting;
- Photosensitivitу, increased susceptibilitу to noise and various odors
Some suffer from such frequent migraine attacks that it becomes difficult for them to lead a normal life. In this case, talking about chronic migraine.
How is the diagnosis of “migraine”?
It may be difficult for an inexperienced doctor to distinguish a migraine from other types of headaches. Therefore, it is important to diagnose and describe in detail all the complaints and symptoms. The decisive factor is when and how often pain occurs and what symptomsaccompany it. In this case, it will be useful to keep a diary and record the data and attacks of migraine. It is important to pay attention to when the pain occurs, how long the seizure lasts, in what situations the pain arises, what foods you ate before the seizure, took medications, if so, which ones and whether there are concomitant symptoms. The more you describe everything, the easier it will be for your doctor to make a diagnosis.
Causes of migraine
The exact causes of migraine have not been established. However, it is known that there is a genetic predisposition to this disease. In women, migraine can be caused by a temporary change in hormonal levels. The main causes of migraine:
- Gene changes;
- Violation of the regime of the daу
Drug treatment methods
Since most often the migraine is severe, migraine specialist treatment with drugs is required For mild to moderate pain, simple painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, are sufficient. Sometimes it is advised to take drugs for nausea and vomiting. For the treatment of severe migraine attacks, other drugs are used, which are prescribed bу the doctor. If a migraine occurs more often three times a month, medications are prescribed that prevent seizures.
What can relieve migraine pain?
In addition to drug treatment, there are a number of measures that are aimed at improving the general condition of the patient what experts recommend:
- If pain occurs, go to a quiet dark room without external stimuli;
- Put a cold towel or ice pack on your forehead;
- Massage your temples by brushing your fingertips with a few drops of peppermint oil;
- Use pillows that will relax the neck muscles;
- Drink enough liquid – mineral water or herbal tea;
Acupuncture helps some well.
How to prevent migraine? Those who suffer from periodic migraine attacks, it is important to reconsider their rhythm of life, trying to maintain a healthy sleep pattern and stick to a proper and balanced diet It is also important to move, plaу sports, avoid stressful situations, or reduce stress by walking and meditating.