The Different Types and Potential Risks of Anesthesia

Recovering from a major surgical procedure is painful and requires special care. Thanks to Hyattsville anesthesiology, your specialist may help reduce the pain and discomfort caused during and after surgical processes. This medical specialty involves pain medicine, intensive care medicine, critical emergency medicine, and anesthesia.

What Are the Different Types of Anesthesia?

Local Anesthesia

This type of anesthesia works by numbing a specific section of your body and not making you unconscious. Your specialist may administer local anesthesia during minor invasive procedures, including skin biopsies, tooth extraction, and cataract surgery.

General Anesthesia

Your doctor may administer general anesthesia for major surgical procedures in body areas such as the chest, abdomen, and head. This treatment slows down your body’s functions, makes you unconscious, and therefore insensitive to stimuli, including pain.

Regional Anesthesia

You may be conscious after your doctor administers regional anesthesia as it works by blocking pain in the treatment area. Unlike local anesthesia, this type of anesthesia is used to numb larger surfaces. An epidural injection is an example of regional anesthesia used during childbirth or before a cesarean section to prevent pain.

Sedation

Your specialist may recommend sedation, also known as monitored anesthesia care when local anesthesia is insufficient, but general anesthesia is not needed. The sedation level varies from light to deep depending on how your body responds to anesthesia and the type of procedure you are having. The levels of sedation include:

  • Minimal- Minimal sedation causes relaxation. With this level of sedation, you can follow directions given by your doctor as the process is ongoing. Your physician may use this level of sedation if you need to be involved in the procedure.
  • Moderate- With moderate sedation, you will feel drowsy and may fall asleep during the procedure. You may remember some of the events of the process, and other times, you may fail to remember anything.
  • Deep sedation- This makes you fall asleep through the entire process.

Potential Risks of Anesthesia

Breathing Difficulties During and After Surgery

This mainly occurs in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. This sleep disorder partially blocks the upper airways and makes breathing difficult. In addition, anesthesia may cause the throat to close up and make it difficult for a patient to regain consciousness after surgery.

Cognitive Dysfunction

Older people are at a higher risk of developing this condition which results in long-term memory. This condition is common in older people since an aging brain takes a while before recovering from anesthesia. People with a history of medical conditions such as congestive heart failure, stroke, and Parkinson’s disease also have high chances of suffering this risk. This is why a review of your medical history is essential during a consultation with your doctor.

Malignant Hyperthermia

This is a severe reaction to anesthesia which involves developing abrupt fever and muscle contractions. Malignant hyperthermia can be fatal and may be inherited. It is, therefore, to inform your doctor if any of your family members experienced this reaction during a previous surgery.

If you have further questions about anesthesiology or need to know what to do after getting anesthesia, book a session with your anesthesiologist at CHOICE Pain & Rehabilitation Center.

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