The vascular system, also referred to as the circulatory system, comprises a network of blood vessels. These vessels include veins, arteries, and lymph-carrying vessels and affect how blood flows from your heart throughout your body and vice versa. If compromised, this flow would be interrupted, leading to vascular disease.
Your vascular system consists of many blood vessels distributed all over your body. As such, there are many ways and locations you can develop a complication, which gives rise to the different types of varicose disease such as:
An aneurism is a bulge in a blood vessel wall, most often seen in the main artery, the aorta. If an aneurism appears in your chest, it is called a thoracic aneurysm. An abdominal aneurysm, on the other hand, appears in your belly. The risk associated with aneurysms is that they can rupture suddenly, which can be deadly.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) refers to a blood clot that forms in a vein inside a muscle. DVTs often appear in the thighs, pelvis, or lower legs. Should the clot travel to your lungs, it is now called a pulmonary embolism (PE). If left untreated, blood clots can be deadly.
Varicose veins are bulging, twisted veins that can appear like blue or purple bursts on your thighs, calves, or knees.
Vascular Disease Risk Factors
Vascular disease is often caused by atherosclerosis, which refers to plaque buildup in your arteries. It could also result from inflammation of a blood vessel blockage caused by blood clots or debris. If you are involved in an accident such as a car collision, the trauma could also cause injury to your blood vessels, leading to vascular disease.
Generally speaking, anyone can develop a vascular disease. However, there are factors that increase your risk of developing a blood vessel condition. They include:
Genetic history of heart attacks, strokes, or vascular disease
Obesity or being overweight
High blood pressure
Gender, where men are at a higher risk than women
A sedentary lifestyle
High cholesterol and triglyceride levels
Vascular Disease Treatment Options
Your doctor will usually prescribe a treatment regimen depending on the nature and severity of your varicose disease. The treatment might be non-invasive, minimally invasive, or surgical, which also depends on the severity of your symptoms. For some symptoms, your doctor might prescribe medications to destroy blood clots in your blood vessels.
In other cases, you might require in-office treatments like sclerotherapy to address spider and varicose veins. More serious conditions, like deep vein thrombosis, could require surgery.
It is not uncommon for your doctor to recommend some lifestyle changes instead of or alongside other treatment options. You might be required to do the following:
Maintain a healthy diet that helps lower your cholesterol and blood sugar
Avoid alcohol and smoking
Adopt an exercise regiment
Practice stress management techniques
Before settling on a treatment regimen, you should discuss its benefits and possible risks with your doctor.
Vascular disorders can affect your quality of life significantly. The good news is their symptoms can be managed effectively if not treated. If you have or suspect you have a varicose disorder, contact the experts at Soffer Health Institute to schedule an appointment.