A medical condition where the growth of endometrium-type tissue occurs outside the uterus is known as endometriosis. These abnormal growths are defined as endometrial implants.
These are found around areas of the abdomen and can be grown on the linings of ovaries. Usually, the tissue builds up and sheds out during the cycle. However, in some instances, these issues do not shed and lead to the formation of cysts.
Specialists of Endometriosis in Miami determine the severity of endometriosis based on their types and stages. Knowing the type and stage of endometriosis helps determine the proper treatment for you.
What Are the Stages?
The four stages of endometriosis include:
- Minimal stage- Small implants or lesions present on organs or tissues of the pelvic region, and scar tissue are not present.
- Mild stage- The number of implants is more than the minimal stage and is present deep inside the tissue. A small amount of scar tissue is present.
- Moderate stage- Thick bands of scar tissue can be seen called adhesions, and small cysts can be seen on ovaries. Moreover, these implants are present deep inside.
- Severe stage- Implants are present deep inside, and thick adhesions can be seen. Cysts can be present on ovaries.
The shifts between the stages are pretty slow, but they can lead to several complications if not treated in time.
What Are the Types?
Endometriosis is also classified based on localization. The four major types include:
- Superficial peritoneal- Peritoneum is the layer covering the abdomen and pelvis and most of the organs in the abdominal and pelvic cavities. The endometrial tissue can attach to the peritoneum, and hence it is the least dangerous type.
- Endometriomas- These are cysts filled with fluid and are dark in color. These can also be defined as chocolate cysts. They mainly occur in the ovaries but can also appear in other parts of the abdomen and can vary in their size.
- Deep infiltrating endometriosis- Invasion of organs is done by the endometrial tissue. It may be internal or external and includes ovaries, bladder, bowel, and more. In rare conditions, scar tissue can bind to the organs, and the organ gets stuck in one place, so it is described as a frozen pelvis. The chances of occurrence are 5-6% in people with this condition.
- Abdominal wall endometriosis- In certain conditions, the endometrial tissue gets attached to the abdominal wall.
Hence the treatment of this condition is done based on symptoms and willingness to get pregnant. The onset of treatment is painkillers. Moreover, hormonal therapy is provided. If these treatments aren’t effective enough, the patients must go for surgery.